trial_categorize_animation function is used to display
a sequence of images at a fixed rate, collect a categorization response with the
keyboard, and provide feedback.
trial_categorize_animation( stimuli, key_answer, choices = respond_any_key(), text_answer = "", correct_text = "Correct", incorrect_text = "Wrong", frame_time = 500, sequence_reps = 1, allow_response_before_complete = FALSE, prompt = NULL, feedback_duration = 2000, post_trial_gap = 0, on_finish = NULL, on_load = NULL, data = NULL )
Character vector of paths to image files
The numeric key code indicating the correct response
A character vector of keycodes (either numeric values or the characters themselves). Alternatively, respond_any_key() and respond_no_key() can be used
A label associated with the correct answer
Text to display when correct answer given ('%ANS%' substitutes text_answer)
Text to display when wrong answer given ('%ANS%' substitutes text_answer)
How long to display each image, in milliseconds
How many times to show the entire sequence
If TRUE the user can respond before the animation sequence finishes
A string (may contain HTML) that will be displayed below the stimulus, intended as a reminder about the actions to take (e.g., which key to press).
How long to show the feedback, in milliseconds
The gap in milliseconds between the current trial and the next trial. If NULL, there will be no gap.
An object containing additional data to store for the trial
Functions with a
trial_ prefix always return a "trial" object.
A trial object is simply a list containing the input arguments, with
NULL elements removed. Logical values in the input (
FALSE) are transformed to character vectors
and are specified to be objects of class "json", ensuring that they will be
trial_categorize_animation function is used to show a sequence of images at a
specified frame rate. The subject responds by pressing a key. Feedback
indicating the correctness of the response is given.
stimulus argument should be a vector of
paths to the image files, one per frame. The file paths should refer to
the locations of the image files at the time the experiment is *deployed*,
so it is often convenient to use the
function to construct these file paths automatically. The images will be
displayed in the order that they appear in the
The behaviour of an animation trial can be customised in various ways. The
frame_time parameter specifies the length of time (in milliseconds) that
each image stays on screen. The
sequence_reps argument specifies the
number of times the sequence repeats.
For this kind of trial, participants can make a response by pressing a key,
choices argument is used to control which keys will register
a valid response. The default value
choices = respond_any_key()
is to allow the participant to press any key to register their response.
Alternatively it is possible to set
choices = respond_no_key(),
which prevents all keys from registering a response: this can be useful if
the trial is designed to run for a fixed duration, regardless of what the
In many situations it is preferable to require the participant to respond
using specific keys (e.g., for a binary choice tasks, it may be desirable to
require participants to press F for one response or J for the other). This
can be achieved in two ways. One possibility is to use a character vector
as input (e.g.,
choices = c("f","j")). The other is to use the
case would be
choices = c(70, 74). To make it a little easier to
work with numeric codes, the jaysire package includes the
keycode() function to make it easier to convert from one format
to the other.
allow_response_before_correct = TRUE the participant is permitted
to make a response before the stimulus display completes.
In a categorisation trial, there is always presumed to be a "correct" response for any given stimulus, and the participant is presented with feedback after the response is given. This feedback can be customised in several ways:
key_answer argument specifies the numeric
that corresponds to the correct response for the current trial.
incorrect_text arguments are used to
customise the feedback text that is presented to the participant after a
response is given. In both cases, there is a special value
can be used, and will be substituted with the value of
For example if we set
text_answer = "WUG", we could then set
correct_text = "Correct! This is a %ANS%" and
incorrect_text = "Wrong. This is a %ANS%". This functionality can be
particularly useful if the values of
are specified using timeline variables (see
feedback_duration argument specifies the length of time the
feedback is displayed, in milliseconds.
prompt argument is used to specify text that remains on screen while
the animation displays. The intended use is to remind participants of the
valid response keys, but it allows HTML markup to be included and so can be
used for more general purposes.
Like all functions in the
trial_ family it contains four additional
post_trial_gap argument is a numeric value specifying the
length of the pause between the current trial ending and the next one
beginning. This parameter overrides any default values defined using the
build_experiment function, and a blank screen is displayed
during this gap period.
on_finish arguments can be used to
fn_ family of functions supplies a variety of functions that may
be useful in many cases.
data argument can be used to insert custom data values into
the jsPsych data storage for this trial
When this function is called from R it returns the trial object that will
later be inserted into the experiment when
is called. However, when the trial runs as part of the experiment it returns
values that are recorded in the jsPsych data store and eventually form part
of the data set for the experiment.
The data recorded by this trial is as follows:
stimulus value is a JSON encoded representation of the array of
stimuli displayed in the trial.
key_press value indicates which key the subject pressed. The
value is the numeric key code corresponding to the subject's response.
rt value is the response time in milliseconds for the subject
to make a response. The time is measured from when the stimulus first appears
on the screen until the subject's response.
correct value is true if the subject got the correct answer,
In addition, it records default variables that are recorded by all trials:
trial_type is a string that records the name of the plugin used to run the trial.
trial_index is a number that records the index of the current trial across the whole experiment.
time_elapsed counts the number of milliseconds since the start of the experiment when the trial ended.
internal_node_id is a string identifier for the current "node" in the timeline.